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Xi'an has been a bright pearl along the Silk Road for 2000 years. Emperors of thirteen dynasties chose here as their political, cultural and economic center. Nowadays, travellers arriving at the airport are welcomed by eleven tall earthen mounds, built around the 1st century---(The tomb of emperors in Western Han dynasty ). This is a place of history . A twenty minute drive west of the airport , are the miniature Warriors--- The Han Dynasty Yangling underground museum.
From 841.B.C on, the ruler of the Western Zhou began to keep annals. Henceforth, China had historical records of each year. Thus the year of 841 B.C marked the beginning of conscious and systematic record keeping The Western Zhou Dynasty set up their capital here in 1066.B.C, followed by the Qin, Han, Tang and another 9 dynasties who all made here the location for their royal palace. The beacon tower above the Lishan mountain ( where Huaqing hot spring are located ) is an eternal reminder of the story of "the most expensive smile'' that caused the disappearance of the dynasty. (en.xian-tourism.com/xiantraveldetail)
As dynasty after dynasty added their own mark to Xi'an, the relics of old palaces, temples and tombs abounded throughout the city and surrounding countryside.
All the territory under the heaven belonged to the emperor himself. So, he had the power to built a grandiose mausoleum with the expense of the treasury reserves. The first Qin emperor of the Qin Dynasty started to build his resting place when he was only 13. The Terra Cotta Warriors are just a part of tomb complex of Qin ShiHuang. The emperors in Han dynasty were more practical, prefering the small figurines to the full sized ones to be buried with them. The valiant and mighty soldiers were replaced with the graceful, peaceful and kind smaller ones.
The influence of those emperors is everywhere, though no emperors lived here after the Tang dynasty. The strategic position and its potential threat of the so-called imperial descendants forced the Ming emperors to build the Bell Tower , Drum Tower and City Wall to supress those dragon spirits. For tourists wanting to get all the historical fragments together and enjoy them in one place, the Shaanxi History Museum is the place to visit. This is a treasure trove of the cultural relics found within the province. It exhibits over 3000 historical antiques, the main attraction being the bronze ware, ceramics and beautiful murals from the Tang dynasty tombs.