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Amphitheatre of Serdica

ul.Budapeshta 2 | Arena di Serdica Residence Hotel, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
+359 2 810 7901
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Review Highlights
amazing piece of history

right in the CBD, go down a level and back in Roman times. Amazing feat and grandeur to give you an... read more

Reviewed March 14, 2018
pmc1966
,
Sliven, Bulgaria
its free if your passing but not mind blowing

in a subway, its free so go through if your there but as ruins go its nothing great. the glass... read more

Reviewed March 6, 2018
Sheila O
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In the past Serdica was the capital of the eastern province of Dacia Mediterranea - part of the Great Roman Empire. It was an important commercial and political centre, large and well developed city, built in a Roman style with large stone streets, a forum, beautiful temples and impressive buildings with magnificent decorations.In 2004 during the construction works in the city center of Sofia unexpectedly came across a part of a Roman wall. Archaeological excavations immediately started – thus the Amphitheatre of Serdica (Amphiteatrum Serdicense) was discovered! This is a monumental public building with an elliptical layout and an arena in the middle, elliptically surrounded by the tiered seats for the spectators. The great number of coins and pottery discovered enabled the researchers to identify two periods in III-IV century. During the research on the site it became evident that about 5 meters under the amphitheatre there is a theatre, built in II-III century, i.e. 100 years earlier. A unique complex combining ancient amphitheatre and theatre was discovered. These are the largest buildings from the age of ancient Serdica, evidencing its heyday during the centuries. The finding was declared unique and the discovery - unmatched in the world!The Arena of Serdica is 60.5 m long and 43 m wide. However, the Amphitheatre of Serdica is the only one in the world, combining a Roman theatre and a late antique amphitheatre in one place and the only such public building in the Balkans. This makes the site truly unique and the discovery - sensational. It is a fact that no other capital or even city in the world can boast a theatre and amphitheatre together and located in its very centre. Its construction began during the reign of the Emperor Diocletian and was completed by the Emperor Constantine the Great.Interesting Facts:- The first evidence for the existence of an amphitheatre with arena for fights is a stone plate found in 1919 near the present-day building of the Council of Ministers. It is assumed that it served as an “advertising banner” at the entrance of the ancient Serdica. Nowadays it is preserved and is on display in the Archaeological Museum in Sofia.- The plate reveals images of lions, tigers, bulls, crocodiles, which took part in combat with Gladiators. The Christians persecuted at this time were thrown to the wild beasts for the amusement of the spectators. The excavations revealed teeth of bear.- The amphitheatre was located outside the fortress walls of the ancient town and now it is located in the centre of Sofia.- Its walls have been preserved in their actual form and the combat arena is covered with sand as it was in the past. The origin of the word “arena” is from the Latin word for sand “harena”. The sand was selected as the most suitable material to absorb the blood of the victims.- When standing in the ruins of the amphitheatre and looking up at the street level, it becomes evident how ages and nature have deposited a new layer of about 12 m between the town of Serdika from III century and the modern city.- The walls of the amphitheatre and the sectors with seats were about 5 floors high and correspond to the level of the nowadays Moskovska Street. About 25,000 spectators gathered on the site. Its opposite end is found to be near the Youth Theatre on Dondukov Blvd.- 7 stone seats for spectators are preserved and placed in their original locations.- Here the dressing rooms of the actors involved in theatrical performances can be seen, as well as the entrance of the east gate, where the chariots passed during the gladiatorial combat.- Clad in metal and leather, people from all over the empire used to die or gain their freedom on the arena.Besides the metallic clink of weapons, the ruins remembered recitations of poets and orators, virtuoso performances of musicians and actors, exalted cheers of spectators.- Clay tiles still bear the footprints of animals - goats, dogs, cats, immortalized their traces in the uncured slabs of the ancient builders.A dwelling and a furnace dated V-VI century and a well dated IV-V century were also discovered.Superstructures built during the age of the Ottoman Empire were found, as well as coins and pottery from this period. Legends about the Emperor Diocletian – the creator of the Amphitheatre of Serdica - Diocletian was characterized with his lust for power, serious and pensive look, as if contemplating great deals. It had been predicted that he would reach the supreme power after killing a boar, so he repeatedly went hunting. - When seized power, Diocletian reserved for himself the eastern empire and the position of senior co-emperor. He took the name Jovius – from the name of god Jove, Jupiter. - Diocletian first introduced as mandatory the complex royal ceremonies followed by almost all the emperors after him, aimed at enhancing the power and limiting the access to the autocrats deified while still alive. - After the solemn abdication of Diocletian - the only emperor who retired voluntarily - it turns out that it was only his authority that protected the Tetrarchy from collapsing. - Diocletian spent the last years of his life in his huge palace, which was built near his hometown of Aspalatos (today's city of Split) in Dalmatia. According to legend, when some messengers came to him with a request to return to power again, he replied to them that “if they knew what vegetables he himself grew in his garden, they would never ask him to become the Emperor again”.
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Travelers talk about
“roman ruins” (13 reviews)
“metro station” (11 reviews)
LOCATION
ul.Budapeshta 2 | Arena di Serdica Residence Hotel, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
CONTACT
Website
+359 2 810 7901
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"roman ruins"
in 13 reviews
"metro station"
in 11 reviews
"piece of history"
in 6 reviews
"residence hotel"
in 2 reviews
"new construction"
in 2 reviews
"open air museum"
in 2 reviews
"below ground"
in 2 reviews
"cool attraction"
in 2 reviews
"roman times"
in 5 reviews
"place offers"
in 2 reviews
"walk around"
in 4 reviews
"rainy day"
in 3 reviews
"historical place"
in 2 reviews
"downtown sofia"
in 2 reviews
"amphitheater"
in 23 reviews
"excavations"
in 7 reviews
"basements"
in 2 reviews
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1 - 10 of 128 reviews

Reviewed March 14, 2018

right in the CBD, go down a level and back in Roman times. Amazing feat and grandeur to give you an idea of the settlement there centuries ago

Thank pmc1966
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed March 6, 2018

in a subway, its free so go through if your there but as ruins go its nothing great. the glass covered dome is nice.

Thank Sheila O
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed February 22, 2018

The renovation of the place offers very pleasant view of the ruins, together with space for events and walk,under glass roof. Can be seen from top of as well.

Thank Dimana_g
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
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Reviewed February 15, 2018

amazing the amount of detail that has been uncovered - really found this fascinating - incredible to see such engineering so long ago

Thank ConnemaraDoris
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed February 6, 2018

Such important ruins, and with so much historic value, and still they are not properly taken care of...

Thank Laura T
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed February 4, 2018

centre of sofia city Serdica is th name of the area in the centre of sofia it is well kept and you need a tour

Thank kpoupazis
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed February 2, 2018

amazing amount of archaeology uncovered. loads to walk around and see and imagine. much more than I expected.

Thank scott1barden
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed January 29, 2018

This is the first time when we have had to go to t Metro station to see an old Roman town. There is a lot to see and walk through outside the station, but also the remains of the city entrance gates inside (before you...More

Thank global-traveller48
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed January 18, 2018

I recommend to take a guide tour with you or have a local tell you the story because it is fascinating. Old city of Sofia, some ruins, I always love historical stuff. Worth to pass by and check out.

1  Thank titaju2018
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
Reviewed January 9, 2018

Ancient Roman remains of the original city located under a modern square but lying well preserved below the hustle and bustle of the modern city.

Thank Sam L
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.
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